Anacamptis morio x longicornu A. morio x papilionacea "grandiflora"

Comments to the offered plants:

Anacamptis (Orchis ) longicornu. Very variable in its colouration, but unmistakable. Frost hardy up to -7°C.

Anacamptis (Orchis ) champagneuxii. Only known from France to Pertugal. Mainly in higher evaluations. Slightly covered, the plants withstand the last winter without being damaged by frosts.

Anacamptis (Orchis) hybrids with A. morio.  The green-winged Orchid inherits to its progeny a high degree of frost hardiness. In flowershape the plants are intermediate between the parents. In crosses with A. papilionacea, the Butterfly orchid is the dominating parent. Hybrids of A. morio with A.longicornu and A. papilionacea are very hardy.

(Anacamptis (Orchis) morio X A syriaca alba. Most plants are tender rose flowered. Frost hardy.

   Anacamptis (Orchis) laxiflora.  Anatolian plants are more robust and taller. Frost hardiness of anatolian plants -12°C, of sardian plants -8°C. During the last winter, the anatolian plants showed to be hardy, the sardian plants were damaged by frosts.

As defined by Pridgeon et al. 1997, there are twenty species in the genus. The distribution is euromediteranean, from Morocco to Iran and the Caucasus, up to Norway in the north.

Flower stems 10 to 100cm high, with a rosette of  leaves or spaced out up the stem in the palustris/laxiflora-group. Anacamptis has small to medium sized, numerous flowers. A spur  is   always present on the labellum. The perianth segments spread or form a hood. All species are insect pollinating.

With the exception of A. pyramidalis, Anacamptis are fairly easy in  cultivation.  All  plants are summer dormant and rest as tuberoids. Plants emerge in late summer, autumn or late winter and flower in spring and early summer. Culture as sunny as possible. Frost hardiness  depends on the  species.  Frost  hardy up to -6°C (mediteranean species and races) or up to -18°C (middle European species and races). Regular watering during the growing period is essential for pot  culture. Fertilize monthly  with 0.2g/l until flowering. Reduce watering with the onset of flowers and  stop as the leaves die back. Completely dry during dormancy. In outdoor culture, summer rain is not  harmful if planted in a well draining  soil. Occasionally a light spray of water for small plants and seedlings to prevent dehydration. If grown inside,  move plants temporary outside in late summer as  cool  nights and some rain will stimulate  plants into the new growing season.

Recommended potting mixes:
80% Seramis, fine to medium grade perlite, pumice  or fine expanded clay give good  results. 20% organic components. Favourable are  fermented or N-impregnated wood shavings or saw dust. (Toresa has given good results.) 20% peatbased mixes as TKS1 have given even good  results. Spagnum moss  is not suitable. Substrates have to be well draining  with a pH of about 6.

Further reading:
Orchids of Britain & Europe
. Pierre Delforge, 1995. Collins Photo Guide. ISBN 0 00  2200244.
Orchideen im Garten: Verwendung, Pflege und Vermehrung. Gerd Kohls und Ulrich Kähler, 1993.Parey, ISBN 3 489 636244.
Orchideen für den Garten: Europäische und tropische Erdorchideen. Alfons Bürger, 1992.  Ulmer, ISBN 3 8001 64876.
Das Moor im eigenen Garten: Moorgärten anlegen,gestalten und pflegen. Erich Maier, 2000. Parey, ISBN 3 8263 3301 2
Hardy orchids. Phillip Cribb and Christopher Bailes, 1989. Timber Pr. ISBN 0 88192 147 5.
Die Orchideen Mitteleuropas und der Alpen. Presser Helmut, 1995. ecomed, ISBN 3 609 65600 X.

A. laxiflora
A. laxiflora
A. morio x boryi
A. morio x syriaca

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